Roots may be misshaped and will not develop properly in heavy soils. A continuous apply of nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium is essential throughout the season to obtain high yields and good quality. A grey fungal growth can be seen on the underside of the leaves. Then, don’t worry friends, today I am going to Inform you about How to Start a Profitable Vermiculture Business In India or anywhere all over the world. Beetroot Cultivation Information Guide. The soil should never be allowed to become dry and it should be kept moist to a depth of 20 to 25 cm. After selection of root tubers, a top is trimmed without injuring crown. Though it grows in warm weather, development of color, texture, sugar content etc. If you like this Beetroot Farming Information guide please share with others thanks for joining us. Nitrogen fertilizing is important and 300 to 400 kg/ha of limestone, ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate, depending on soil analyses, are applied in 2 or 3 dressings during the growing season. Infected plants are recognized by large numbers of orange or red-brown pustules on the leaves. In plains, sowing is practiced during SeptemberNovember. Infested leaves are curly and rolled. All cultivars in beetroot are temperate biennial types and seed production is possible in hills 1400 m above mean sea level. Young seedlings grow poorly, turn yellow, wilt, topple over and die and the roots turn black. Harvesting is done 8-10 weeks after sowing by pulling the top with hand. Beetroot fruit is a cluster of hard nutlets. High temperature causes zoning i.e., the appearance of alternate light and dark red concentric rings in the root. Planting should be at the right time and not too deep. In European countries, where small-sized bunches are in demand, tubers are tied in bundles of 4-6 with their tops. Roots flat globe with dark purplish red flesh; duration 55-60 days; produces white zoning under warm weather. Harvesting is done during June-July. Seed should only be sown in soils with a good structure. Over matured and oversized tubers become woody and crack. Medium sized tubers are of great demand and tubers are harvested after attaining a diameter of 3-5 cm. Flatbeds or ridges and furrows are prepared. Beetroots are mainly grown for their swollen roots but the leaves can also be eaten like spinach. About 150 kg/ha of nitrogen is usually applied at planting time and the rest when the plants are about 10 to 15 cm high. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Cercospora leaf spot (Cercospora beticola). The disease is seed-borne and it can affect the crop early in the season. Your Name. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. If you are interested in Beetroot Farming please read this full article we covered all the information on Beetroot Farming. After reading this article any question in your mind regarding Beetroot Farming Please comment below we will help you surely, so let’s start Beetroot Farming…. Soils heavily fertilized with coarse compost and kraal manure encourage the formation of side roots, making the crop unattractive. Your email address will not be published. All weeds between the rows must be removed by hand to avoid damaging the roots. Beetroot is now a popular salad vegetable. of roots is the best under the cool weather. The byproducts of this crop include molasses and pulp and this adds a further 10% value to the cash crop. Yield varies from 25 to 30t/ha and the tuber stores well at 0o C and 90% RH. 5-6 kg of seeds is required for one hectare. Beetroot is one of a few vegetables which can be successfully grown in saline soils. It should be noted that these are general recommendations and actual amounts of fertilizers should be based on soil analyses. Seedlings that are not severely affected produce small, malformed beetroots. Want to start your own Vermiculture Business and does not have much knowledge of Vermiculture? Russia was the largest producer with 39,321,161 metric tons of production. In this method, seeds are sown in July and well-developed roots are dug out during November-December. Sugary syrup prepared from Beetroot is used as a sweetening spread in sandwiches and other food products. September 14, 2018. Black blotches are visible in the flesh if the beetroot is cut open. Increase Honey Bee farming Profit … A few of the improved varieties popular in India are: This is a common disease in beetroots caused by a fungus which enters the leaves and causes small round spots of about 3 mm in diameter. Heavy clayey soils result in poor germination and stand of crop due to the formation of a soil crust after rains or irrigation. They suck on the lower surface of the leaves and damage is only done when the numbers increase substantially. The tissue in the center falls as the spots age. An appropriate combination of chemical fertilizers and organic manures is a possible way-forward to achieve reasonable yield and quality. Later tops are removed, graded and marketed. About 30 mm of water should be supplied per irrigation. The land is plowed to a fine tilth by thorough plowing making it loose and friable. Beetroot is hardy to low temperature and prefers a cool climate. This information guide is regarding the Beetroot Farming. A usual method of seed production is root to seed method. Hello, friends! They suck on the lower surface of the leaves. Beetroot is highly sensitive to soil acidity and the ideal pH is 6-7. The Beetroot contains 20% sugar, 5% pulp, and 75% water. Roots perfectly round with smooth uniform deep red skin; flesh dark blood red with light red zoning; heavy yielder with a duration of 80-100 days. kisancentral. An extremely low temperature of 4.5-10.0o C for 15 days will result in bolting. The diseased patches later turn brown. Worldwide, the average yield of the crop was 58.2 tons per hectare. Beetroots are widely grown in home gardens throughout the country. The Beetroot Farming is a true biennial, producing thickened root and a rosette of leaves during the first year and flowers and seeds the second year. Heart rot is characterized by black marks on the root surface and cracks. Your Name. The plantings should receive light water applications daily until the young seedlings come up. This TNAU variety has round roots with blood-red flesh color; yields 28 t/ha in 120 days; it sets seeds under Nilgiris conditions. Growing Holy Basil (Tulsi) Outdoors Information. Staggered sowing at 1-2 weeks interval ensures a steady supply of roots during the season. The outer skin is medium red and flesh is crimson red without zonations; duration 55-60 days. Organic manure @ 25 t/ha is recommended for sandy soils. The disease is prevalent in soils containing too much lime. It is advisable to plant resistant cultivars.