259 0 obj /Annots [ 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R ] >> 177 0 obj 214 0 obj >> 0000012882 00000 n /Type /StructElem endobj endobj /Pg 51 0 R /P 99 0 R /Type /StructElem >> /Type /StructElem 228 0 obj /S /Span endobj /Pg 40 0 R /Type /StructElem /P 68 0 R /Type /StructElem /K [ 108 0 R 109 0 R ] /K [ 25 ] /K [ 7 ] 173 0 obj /P 68 0 R 166 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R /Marked true /QuickPDFFe3b327f8 60 0 R endobj /QuickPDFFbf03ac57 42 0 R /K [ 14 ] /K [ 3 ] /Pg 58 0 R /P 68 0 R /P 68 0 R /Type /StructElem >> /Pg 40 0 R << >> /S /P endobj endobj /Type /StructElem /Pg 58 0 R /P 241 0 R 229 0 obj endobj << /P 248 0 R << /S /Link /K [ 37 ] /S /Span /Workbook /Document << >> /S /TD 73 0 obj /Pg 40 0 R >> 262 0 obj >> << 116 0 obj /Type /OBJR /S /P /P 225 0 R 69 0 obj /S /Span /S /TD /Pg 3 0 R /S /P endobj /Pg 53 0 R 145 0 obj /Pg 53 0 R >> << /K [ 21 ] 199 0 obj /P 68 0 R endobj endobj >> /Pg 51 0 R << << /Pg 3 0 R /Type /StructElem 152 0 R 153 0 R 154 0 R 155 0 R 156 0 R 157 0 R 158 0 R 159 0 R 160 0 R 161 0 R 162 0 R /P 119 0 R /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 40 0 R 0000001041 00000 n >> endobj /K [ 15 ] << /S /P /Type /StructElem << << /K [ 256 0 R ] 186 0 R 187 0 R 188 0 R 189 0 R 190 0 R 191 0 R 192 0 R 193 0 R 194 0 R 195 0 R 196 0 R 285 0 obj >> /RoleMap 66 0 R 280 0 obj << /Type /StructElem /K [ 5 ] >> >> >> /K [ 31 ] /K [ 250 0 R ] endobj /QuickPDFFfeccd868 44 0 R endobj 104 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS—I: FUNDAMENTAL THEORY AND APPLICATIONS, VOL. /P 68 0 R are in-phase. 211 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R /P 111 0 R /P 68 0 R >> >> << /Pg 53 0 R /K [ 94 0 R 95 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 102 0 R 103 0 R 106 0 R 107 0 R 110 0 R 111 0 R 114 0 R 0000001502 00000 n /Type /StructElem /S /P /Pg 58 0 R << 142 0 obj << endobj /Type /StructElem /S /P << endobj 0000011590 00000 n /K [ 28 ] /S /Span /Type /StructElem /Pg 40 0 R /P 68 0 R /Type /StructElem >> /K [ 2 ] /S /P /Pg 3 0 R /P 68 0 R 102 0 obj >> /K 30 /Pg 3 0 R /S /P /Pages 2 0 R %PDF-1.3 0000004711 00000 n /Pg 3 0 R /P 68 0 R /K [ 3 ] /K [ 13 ] /S /P /S /P /Image39 39 0 R /P 68 0 R << >> /S /TD >> /Pg 3 0 R endobj /P 68 0 R /P 68 0 R /Pg 53 0 R 99 0 obj /Pg 53 0 R << >> /Pg 40 0 R >> /Type /StructElem 165 0 obj << 238 0 obj /Type /StructElem endobj >> 192 0 obj << /Pg 53 0 R >> /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem << 0000008736 00000 n /Pg 40 0 R /P 68 0 R 284 0 R 285 0 R 286 0 R ] /S /Link /P 68 0 R /Pg 53 0 R 65 0 obj /Type /StructElem /Pg 3 0 R /S /P /K [ 13 ] /K [ 20 ] << /F1 5 0 R << << << /P 68 0 R /Pg 58 0 R /Pg 53 0 R << /S /P << /Pg 53 0 R 118 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R /K [ 5 ] /K [ 23 ] endobj 135 0 obj /Pg 58 0 R >> 141 0 obj 136 0 obj /K [ 4 ] /S /P endobj /Pg 53 0 R >> 284 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 40 0 R /Obj 29 0 R /P 68 0 R /P 68 0 R << >> /Type /StructElem << /P 248 0 R endobj /P 68 0 R 283 0 R ] /P 68 0 R /K [ 116 0 R 117 0 R ] /Pg 3 0 R 279 0 obj /Type /StructElem /K [ 252 0 R ] /S /P /S /P >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI ] /K [ 124 0 R 125 0 R ] /P 68 0 R /Type /Catalog >> /Type /StructElem /Pg 51 0 R /F2 7 0 R endobj /S /H1 /K [ 7 ] /Pg 51 0 R endobj /S /P << endobj >> /Pg 58 0 R 247 0 obj /S /P /P 68 0 R /HideToolbar false /S /P /Type /OBJR 201 0 obj /K [ 31 ] /Type /StructElem /P 68 0 R 183 0 obj /K [ 26 ] /P 68 0 R 241 0 obj /Type /StructElem /Resources << /Type /StructElem endobj /Chartsheet /Part >> /Type /StructElem endobj 122 0 obj /Type /StructElem /K [ 12 ] endobj /Type /StructElem 251 0 obj >> >> The main feature of Darlington connection is that the composite transistor acts, as a single unit with a current gain is equal to product of individual current gains. 196 0 obj /Type /StructElem /S /P 91 0 obj endobj /P 68 0 R /Pg 53 0 R /P 68 0 R >> /Type /StructElem /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 53 0 R /Type /StructElem /K [ 6 ] 170 0 obj /S /P /Type /StructElem endobj 125 0 obj /S /P 0000014121 00000 n << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> /K 18 << endobj /Type /StructElem The circuit has a good benefit. /Type /StructElem /S /H1 /S /TD /P 68 0 R endobj << >> 230 0 obj /K [ 18 ] /K [ 25 ] /S /P << /Pg 53 0 R /K [ 19 ] /CenterWindow false /K [ 29 ] << >> 155 0 obj /S /P /Pg 3 0 R << 169 0 obj /K [ 14 ] /Pg 53 0 R /P 68 0 R /Pg 40 0 R /S /Link 0000010221 00000 n /Type /StructElem /P 248 0 R /Type /OBJR >> /K [ 43 ] >> << /Pg 3 0 R endobj /P 68 0 R /S /TR << /Type /StructElem endobj /Pg 3 0 R 113 0 obj endobj /S /P endobj << /QuickPDFF43d4236b 62 0 R /P 68 0 R endobj /Pg 51 0 R /P 68 0 R << 113 0 R 114 0 R 117 0 R 118 0 R 121 0 R 122 0 R 125 0 R 126 0 R 127 0 R 128 0 R 129 0 R << /P 281 0 R 186 0 obj 224 0 obj >> /K 16 endobj /P 68 0 R 176 0 obj 264 0 obj >> /Type /Group >> 198 0 obj �^zq��IT�c�|�>�t�!�F�M3ֿ�;�2 ����۰n���9������. /K [ 100 0 R 101 0 R ] /S /P >> 100 0 obj << << << endobj << /Pg 58 0 R << endobj /S /Span /Type /StructElem /K [ 33 ] /Type /OBJR /P 68 0 R /S /P (�1[�>�z���K���8/&��hT�N���m{��ˆ�)�7Lf �X�6"������o��9-ؕ�|�y�H3k��v��O>��E�F��N�%s��J�6��t�)�[ܞ�#��[-p�Yk'�N[}�X�����V_*�h��SE]�M�s�w��$4A��~#ڋ9����G$>�������v����vGjX�^���=�����p��M��(�RpP���x@--l���9撚L�P���g? >> /K [ 11 ] /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem /P 68 0 R /Pg 3 0 R endobj /Type /StructElem >> endobj 242 0 obj 8, pp. 210 0 obj /Type /StructElem βD=β1xβ2 if β1= β2= β Then βD= β 2 To make the two transistors Darlington pair, the emitter terminal of the first endobj /K [ 11 ] /K [ 22 ] /S /TR /Pg 58 0 R amplifier (To be discussed later) CD + CS • Main benefit is wider bandwidth than single CE amplifier CD + CE in BiCMOS technology (BJT+CMOS) • Similar to MOS version but use BJT for higher g m 17-14 Darlington Pair Darlington pair: • Composite BJT with β = β 1β 2 CC+CC: high performance source follower CC+CC: high performance source /Pg 51 0 R /S /Link endobj /K [ 3 ] 259 0 R 260 0 R 261 0 R 262 0 R 263 0 R 264 0 R 266 0 R 267 0 R 268 0 R 269 0 R 270 0 R /Type /StructElem This benefit comes from the fact that mosfet transistor has no gate current. /Type /StructElem /S /P << /K [ 28 ] << 232 0 obj 208 0 R 209 0 R 210 0 R 211 0 R 212 0 R 213 0 R 214 0 R 215 0 R 216 0 R 217 0 R 258 0 R 0000011612 00000 n /Count 5 /P 68 0 R 226 0 obj /Type /StructElem /K [ 15 ] endobj 149 0 obj << >> /K [ 8 ] 143 0 obj /K [ 8 ] 115 0 R 118 0 R 119 0 R 122 0 R 123 0 R 126 0 R ] /S /P /Pg 53 0 R 249 0 obj /P 93 0 R /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem /Pg 3 0 R /Type /StructElem /S /TD /Type /StructElem << /Kids [ 3 0 R 40 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 58 0 R ] h�{�9�>�v�~���/�V��u�u��?�����C����������F���%�ކg��w��\��ݮmֳW����j7��w�[-��n�� ��z�um��8�6���Ů���*m� ���%D��Q���'E�+�$�N`&�ݤ��3ĕ�!�+}ǿg���F���~=�����67ptӋY���4�b�.�j����w��OwMx�)2�Y�������%��+�8��ʐe �g��o���|����������~��ˬp|+���l��K� �6�V��p� ����r�m� �e� �p�6�3�WІ��E� \|ы�{\u���Bׇ��ލ^ܧ���`{��{���ysQ�������W�03:��D�]�a��jT��Q�� 0000004689 00000 n /Type /StructElem >> endobj /Type /StructElem endobj /Type /StructElem /Pg 3 0 R /S /P >> /K [ 36 ] 131 0 obj /P 68 0 R 77 0 obj /Type /StructElem :>��n`r�ڟ�?��ɀ�� �0�w0�*�,C�.6�O���xq�"�*���G�˧�? /Pg 53 0 R >> << /Type /StructElem >> /Pg 53 0 R /K [ 5 ] 112 0 obj /P 68 0 R /Pg 53 0 R endobj /S /P /P 233 0 R /Pg 53 0 R /Type /StructElem endobj /P 68 0 R (�t�:��8���8���Ј+�1����VU\�V(�8����� �(*�R���R�!R6M�E�4��Pd�72Ps^�� �'���os��>����"! /P 68 0 R /Type /StructElem 243 0 obj /K [ 0 ] /OpenAction << 2. /Type /StructElem 82 0 obj << x�[Ms� �ϯ��FU+�����r�]۩M�u�6�8��m�%{=����CO�==")�>p��A? 104 0 obj endobj /P 93 0 R endobj /P 68 0 R /F7 20 0 R Estimation of Q factor, bandwidth of an amplifier 6. /Pg 3 0 R >> /S /TD 275 0 R 276 0 R 277 0 R 278 0 R 279 0 R 280 0 R 284 0 R 285 0 R 285 0 R 286 0 R 282 0 R /Type /StructElem endobj 72 0 obj /P 93 0 R /Type /StructElem >> /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem hFE2 (hFE1 and hFE2 are the gains of the individual transistors) This gives the Darlington pair a very high current gain, such as 10000, so that only a tiny base current is required to make the pair switch on. /K 23 4 0 obj /Worksheet /Part /P 68 0 R /Pg 53 0 R /K [ 11 ] endobj endobj /Type /StructElem /K [ 12 ] >> /Pg 3 0 R /Type /StructElem /S /P << /Type /StructElem endobj /S /P endobj /Type /StructElem /K [ 1 ] 144 0 obj endobj endobj 283 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R << /Obj 34 0 R /P 68 0 R >> /Type /StructElem 185 0 R 186 0 R 187 0 R 188 0 R 189 0 R 190 0 R 191 0 R 192 0 R 193 0 R 194 0 R 195 0 R endobj << << /Pg 51 0 R >> >> /Pg 53 0 R 83 0 obj 163 0 R 165 0 R 166 0 R 167 0 R 168 0 R 169 0 R 170 0 R 171 0 R 172 0 R 173 0 R 174 0 R /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem 0000003328 00000 n /Pg 51 0 R /Pg 53 0 R /Type /StructElem 239 0 obj 133 0 obj >> /P 217 0 R ��ϰ�����@H }2�.�nW�b���,��s�3I�۰ے>�4�gDn-t�_���MD�j�X�ꭑz��� �9��7j3�X��~����OD�Qa$Wĉe��D;��$Gg�*g�>�`�$���)5�r�p#�Njd.���V؜�9�a /P 68 0 R /S /H2 endobj endobj << /Pg 53 0 R endobj /P 68 0 R 123 0 obj /P 228 0 R /Type /StructElem 200 0 obj /P 238 0 R /QuickPDFFed19651a 9 0 R /K [ 9 ] /P 68 0 R >> /XObject << /S /P >> 94 0 obj endobj /P 238 0 R /K [ 229 0 R 231 0 R 233 0 R 235 0 R 237 0 R ] /Type /StructElem /Type /OBJR /K [ 5 ] /Pg 40 0 R << << /K [ 19 ] << >> /K [ 5 ] endobj /Pg 53 0 R /S /Span /Type /StructElem 80 0 obj This can easily be in the thousands. << /Type /StructElem /S /TD /P 68 0 R /Type /StructElem /Pg 51 0 R /StructParents 0 >> /Obj 36 0 R 275 0 obj << /P 217 0 R /K [ 282 0 R 283 0 R ] 185 0 obj >> endobj /QuickPDFF97fb6466 7 0 R 167 0 obj 148 0 obj /S /P 258 0 obj 274 0 obj >> 87 0 obj endobj /P 68 0 R The diodes provide the correct bias between the two pairs of transistors, accommodating the required number of base emitter junctions.