All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. Galatians 4:5 To redeem them that were under the law By whom are meant chiefly the Jews, who are elsewhere represented as in and under the law, in distinction from the Gentiles who were without it; see ( Romans 2:12 ) ( 1 Corinthians 9:20 1 Corinthians 9:21 ) the Gentiles indeed, though they were not under the law of Moses, yet were not without law to God, they were under the law of nature. The blessing is υἱοθεσία, not simply υἱότης-not sonship natural, but sonship conferred. What claim can men who are subservient to sin, subject to the curse of the Law, and worthy of everlasting death, have on God and eternal life? of Paul visited the region againin A… The redemption of those who were under the law was necessary to the adoption both of Jews and Gentiles. 1865-1868. The law was given to Adam as a covenant of works, and not to him as a single person, but as a federal head to all his posterity; hence he sinning, and they in him, they all came under its sentence of condemnation and death, God's elect not excepted, and who are the persons said to be redeemed; for Christ was not sent to redeem all that were under the law; for as all mankind were included in it as a covenant of works made with Adam, and all are transgressors of it, the whole world is pronounced guilty before God by it, and liable to the curse of it; but not all mankind, only some out of every kindred, tongue, people, and nation, are redeemed by Christ, even all the elect, whether among Jews or Gentiles. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. "Commentary on Galatians 4:5". "Commentary on Galatians 4:5". Comp. https: his—emphatical. https: 1832. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. adoption, or rather, the rights of adopted children; which (some think) is to be understood here, rather than what is strictly to be understood by the term of adoption, viz. The means of redemption is not mentioned. See Romans 1:27. adoption of sons = sonship. In the divine economy of salvation the gracious gift of the υἱοθεσία was needed in order to attain the κληρονομία; while in the human economy, which serves as the figure, the heir-apparent becomes at length heir as a matter of course. a right to be called and to be the sons of God. Adam had a υἱότης before his fall-he was υἱὸς θεοῦ; and in this sense our adoption is reinstating us in the family. That we might receive the adoption of sons.—Redemption is followed by adoption. https: simply denotes: to take at the hands of any one, to receive, as Luke 16:25; Plat. that of the master receiving from a temple the sale-price of his slave, who has himself deposited the sum with the temple authorities for that purpose. https: BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. Galatians 4:5. ἵνα τοὺς, κ. τ. λ.— ἵνα τὴν, that—that) An Anaphora. so that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons. "Commentary on Galatians 4:5". (Luke 6:34; Luke 23:41; Romans 1:27; Colossians 3:24; 2 John 1:8), but not here, because it is not the υἱοθεσία expressly, but the κληρονομία (Galatians 3:29, Galatians 4:7), which is the object of the promise. Galatians 4:7. https: "Commentary on Galatians 4:5". To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, That we might receive the adoption of sons -, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, that we might receive the adoption of children, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. BibliographyAlford, Henry. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? BibliographyAbbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. To = In order that (Greek. ἀπολάβωμεν., Colossians 3:24. ἵνα. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". There is a Chiasmus very much resembling this, at Ephesians 3:16; Ephesians 5:25-26, which see with the annot. But the new sonship is so different, that it can scarce be termed a recovery, since it is far more-it is a higher relation than man originally possessed. 1851. Not by adoption, as we are (Ga 4:5): nor merely His Son by the anointing of the Spirit which God sends into the heart (Ga 4:6; Joh 1:18). Chrysostom gives the verb another meaning-to receive as one's due, for the promise was made of old (Theophylact, Bengel). Zondervan. https: Luke 19:8): accordingly it describes the adoption in Christ as a restoration of the original birthright, withheld throughout many generations for the sake of necessary discipline. Them that were under the law - Sinners, who had violated the Law, and who were exposed to its dread penalty. "Commentary on Galatians 4:5". iv. ἵνα τὴν υἱοθεσ. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. That we might receive the adoption of sons. Galatians 3:25, Galatians 4:21, Galatians 5:18; Romans 6:14. ἐξαγοράσῃ] Namely, as follows from τοὺς ὑπὸ νόμον, from the dominion of the law, Galatians 4:1-3 (in which its curse, Galatians 3:11, is included), and that through His death, Galatians 3:13. The article = that νίοθ. To redeem, to buy off from the curse and the slavery of the law. 1974. 1870. Not sonship, but sonship conferred. Gand Rapids, MI. They had to wait the fore-fixed time of the father. BibliographyEadie, John. But when the fulness of time was come. To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. "Commentary on Galatians 4:5". BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Galatians 4:5". BibliographyTorrey, R. A. To redeem them, &c.; thus showing that they owe their redemption not to their Judaism, but to their Christianity. ἐκ γυναικ., γενόμ. Christ, being born under the law, a Jewish child, subject to its ordinances, by His perfect fulfilment of it, and by enduring, as the Head and in the root of our nature, its curse on the tree, bought off (from its curse and power, but see on ch. Thus in buying off τοὺς ὑπὸ νόμον, He effected that ἡμεῖς, all men, τὴν υἱοθεσίαν ἀπολάβωμεν—should receive (not ‘recover,’ as Aug., al., and Jowett (‘receive back’): there is no allusion to the innocence which we lost in Adam, nor was redemption by Christ in any sense a recovery of the state before the fall, but a far more glorious thing, the bestowal of an adoption which Adam never had. This verb denotes receiving back, as ἀποδιδόναι does giving back (cf. On the contrary, ἀπολάβ. 1599-1645. them … under the law — primarily the Jews: but as these were the representative people of the world, the Gentiles, too, are included in the redemption (Galatians 3:13). ῞ινα τὴν υἱοθεσίαν ἀπολάβωμεν—“in order that we might receive the adoption of sons.” Romans 8:15; Romans 8:23; Ephesians 1:5. 1871-8. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". "E.W. Legg. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. https: https: the change of persons in Galatians 3:14. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". "Commentary on Galatians 4:5". The object for which God sent forth His Son, and sent Him indeed γενόμ. "Commentary on Galatians 4:5". Both are gifts-Christ died to redeem them, and they receive the other from God. ἀπο = as due, Luke 6:34, i.e. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. ἀπολάβ.] “Receive as something destined or due” (Luke 23:41; 2 John 1:8). https: made of a woman—"made" is used as in 1Co 15:45, "The first man, Adam, was made a living soul," Greek, "made to be (born) of a woman." as ὀφειλομένη,—a sense which is often conveyed by the context in Greek authors and also in the N.T. See on Galatians 3:13. Now he also calls the promise of blessing "the adoption of sons," the inheritance of everlasting life. https: The verb is used simply as elsewhere- Luke 16:25; Colossians 3:24 —“to receive into possession from,” pointing ideally to the source.